Monday, June 22, 2020

Cloud vs. Desktop Is Cloud-Based Software Safe

In the past, companies have stored data, downloaded software, and run their programs on physical servers & computers in company offices. As technology has evolved over the last decade, so has the way companies conduct their business. The shift to cloud-based software has been one of the most influential changes. Related: Managing brand consistency in the cloud A recent poll showed that 41% of surveyed businesses plan to spend more on cloud technology. Large companies are hopping on this trend more eagerly than smaller companies: 51% of large and mid-sized companies plan to increase cloud spending, compared to 35% of smaller ones. Cloud computing is internet-based and offers companies a wide variety of benefits and greater flexibility. However, every internet-based technology is susceptible to hacking and has the potential to be compromised. While many companies are rushing to move their systems to the cloud, they should first ask some critical questions regarding the safety and security of their data. "There was a time when most companies were reluctant to move their sensitive data to the cloud because they lacked confidence it would be protected, but perceptions are changing," said Oracle CEO Mark Hurd. "Now, 62% of the companies surveyed by Oracle and KPMG consider the security of cloud-based business applications to be superior to the security of comparable on-premises applications. And 90% report that at least half of their cloud-based data is sensitive." As they operate in an increasingly competitive space, cloud service providers are working to make their software more accessible, affordable, and most importantly, more secure to meet the needs of those businesses. Two-thirds of the 450 companies surveyed by Oracle and KPMG said their operations have been disrupted by a security incident in the past two years, and more than half said they've experienced a breach-related financial impact. Airtight security is of the utmost importance to modern enterprises—but how can that be achieved? Here are a few ways that cloud services like Lucidpress protect their customers against breaches. Automatic updates Cloud-based software limits the need to constantly monitor and maintain on-premises servers. When storing data on remote servers, it's imperative that everything is up-to-date to protect you from the most recent malware and hacking strategies. Companies pay a high price for their inability to stay ahead of hackers. A staggering 85% of security breaches take advantage of system vulnerabilities for which patches were available for more than a year. Rather than hiring people to monitor and patch systems on a daily basis, businesses can outsource this work to cloud service providers, who maintain the security of each system on their end. We see this benefit with software, too. For example, Lucidpress automatically updates every two weeks, so you're always working with the best, most up-to-date version. Users don't have to worry about downloading or installing programs, and there are no compatibility issues. Data storage & backup There are other benefits to housing your documents in the cloud beyond the increased security. One major benefit of cloud storage is its cost. Because cloud-based software can be accessed by any computer with an internet connection, these programs can be much more affordable. Likewise, many cloud services offer the ability to upgrade or downgrade storage volumes as a business scales, empowering companies to budget accordingly and pay only for the space that's needed at any given time. Businesses with significant data storage investments can find themselves unable to take advantage of shifts in the market or respond to competitive pressures, because the necessary capital has already been deployed on hardware. The increased agility offered by cloud computing solutions can give businesses an advantage over their competitors—it's not surprising that "operational agility" consistently ranks as a top driver for cloud adoption. Another benefit of cloud-based data storage is its ease of access for employees. Using the cloud makes accessing brand assets and documents much easier, so employees can access their work no matter where they are. Employees gain greater flexibility and can continue operating as long as they have internet access. Finally, the ability to recover data after a disaster is far easier and cheaper when your data is stored in the cloud. IT disasters come in many sizes when dealing with on-premises systems. They can range from the loss of a single-but-important document to the loss of an entire database. The recovery of corporate data could take herculean efforts, equaling or exceeding the efforts needed to reconstruct a company's hardware infrastructure. At Lucidpress: We store every version of your projects and automatically save your changes. Your documents are backed up hourly to multiple data centers—no more fretting about misplaced files or hard drive failures. Losing any amount of data causes stress and panic, regardless of how large the disaster. Companies of all sizes need to have solid recovery protocols in place. An all-encompassing disaster recovery plan is necessary for the survival of any business, large or small, and the cloud turns that into a far easier proposition. Data encryption With sensitive data and information constantly being transferred from employees to the cloud, each piece must be secured on a minute level. Many cloud-based software providers, including Lucidpress, use multiple layers of data encryption to safeguard user information. Additionally, encryption keys are commonly rotated to further protect important company information and files. At Lucidpress: Your data is safe with us. All data is transferred to our servers using Secure Socket Layer (SSL) with AES-256 bit encryption. We securely store and frequently rotate encryption keys to further increase site security. Companies want to choose the software that best fits their business for a multitude of reasons. Using cloud-based computing systems can help your business run more efficiently and make it more convenient to do what you want, where you want, and without being tethered to your office computer. While it's true that cloud-based systems are not 100% secure, there is simply no internet-rooted network—cloud-based or not—that is absolutely hacker-proof. By following security best practices, you can have peace of mind in knowing that you can safely enjoy the benefits of cloud-based computing. As the shift to cloud platforms continues, companies will search for the best option to ensure that their data is in safe hands, and service providers will strive to provide just that. Learn more about how Lucidpress acts as a safe & secure brand portal for your business.

Saturday, May 23, 2020

Citizen Kane Essay - 1194 Words

Citizen Kane Citizen Kane is often called the greatest film ever made. Its use of film techniques often taken for granted nowadays were completely new and had not been done before. Simple things like ceilings on the sets and realistic scenes such as the newsreel, which would not stand out in a modern film, were combined to make a film full of innovative techniques. The director, Orson Welles, developed the use of deep focus to make the flat cinema screen almost become three dimensional, which added a realism that had not been explored before. Right from the start, a viewer can see the innovation displayed by Welles. The opening scene, one of the most famous in the entire film, begins with the†¦show more content†¦This happens just as Kane dies, so it is both a signal that he has passed away, and a metaphor of the light of life going out. The opening scene also contains the first instance of something being viewed through a piece of glass and of just the reflection of what is going on being seen, in this case, both at once. These techniques make the audience unsure of what they are seeing and are used at other times throughout the film. Realism is a major reason why Citizen Kane stands out from other films of the time. However, it is the way realism and theatrical effects are mixed together that truly marks it out as one of the greatest films ever made. Ceilings on the set allowed for scenes lit by normal lightbulbs, giving the appearance of real rooms, but the theatrical spotlights through the windows in the newsreel showing room and the library highlight parts of the scenery, leaving others in shadow. The people working on Citizen Kane went to great lengths to get authentic-looking film for the newsreel. It was degraded using sand to give a grainy look as opposed to the smooth film used for the main picture. Also in the newsreel, the jerky cuts, when Kane spills cement on his coat then is shown clean, give a more genuine feel to the footage. The newsreel scene can also be viewed as a parody of an actual news programme of the time, March of Time. ThisShow MoreRelatedCitizen Kane1211 Words   |  5 PagesWhen I first saw this clip of Citizen Kane (Orson Welles, 1941) my first instinct was that it was comic relief. The extremely frustrated director, Jedediah trying so hard not to fall asleep and of course Bernstein reclining back in his seat more interested in playing with the playbill then watching Susan on stage. While this scene may be rather humorous a lot about both Susan and Kane is revealed through emotions and actions of the two. As the clip progresses it begins to becom e less and less humorousRead More Citizen Kane Essay836 Words   |  4 Pages nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Orson Welles’ cinematic classic, Citizen Kane, is a film that centers on a group of reporter’s investigation into the meaning of Charles Foster Kane’s last word, â€Å"Rosebud.† Through their investigation of his last words, the team of reporters, is presented with an almost, but not quite, complete picture of â€Å"Citizen† Kane’s life. By assuming that the man’s last word was as grandiose as his life, the reporters miss out on the bigger, more holistic picture, which is CharlesRead MoreCitizen Kane Analysis2693 Words   |  11 PagesFilm History Research Citizen Kane Film Essay Orson Welles Citizen Kane Success the first time around is very uncommon. Orson Welless first feature film richly realizes the full potential of excellent craftsmanship. Citizen Kane is almost indisputably the greatest achievement in the history of filming. In 1941, this film was considered by many as the best film ever made. This film is about the enormous conflict between two twentieth-century iconsRead More Citizen Kane Essay981 Words   |  4 Pages The film Citizen Kane, directed by Orson Welles, is a great example of how a man can be corrupted by wealth. Through the characters in the film we can observe how Charles Foster Kane, an idealistic man with principles, can be changed and misguided by wealth and what accompanies wealth. The film takes places during the late 19th century and early 20th century, a time in American history when the world is changing and wealth is a great power to change it with. Through the story telling of Kane’s lifeRead MoreFilm Analysis Of Citizen Kane1299 Words   |   6 PagesCitizen Kane incorporates a well-rounded variety of shots and angles that make the film more entertaining. This movie is significant because the American people will always be able to relate to it. There will always be a rich politician who wants to change things for the better. Sometimes, scandal and broken promises ensue. The American people will always want someone that they can trust to make their lives better. It is interesting to note that this film combines multiple genres, giving it a factorRead MoreRosebud in Citizen Kane Essay1067 Words   |  5 PagesRosebud in Citizen Kane Rosebud is sled, Kanes sled when he was a boy. Rosebud is the foundation of the film of citizen Kane. Rosebud is also Kanes last words. He was a very important man, known globally. Rosebud is the word everyone wants to understand the meaning of, so there is a hunt to find the meaning of the word. This sets the story for the film. Rosebud is a symbol of Kane, in that Rosebud represents his loss of the ability to love and how to love. The filmRead MoreEssay Citizen Kane1284 Words   |  6 Pages Citizen Kane After watching the movie â€Å"Citizen Kane† I realized why this movie was named one of the best films ever. Yellow journalism was in an era from the 1880 to the 1900 and it featured flashy journalism of that time, which made editors write about invented stories. Which went to big headlines on subjects that weren’t true. The two big writers of that time were William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer. During the film Kane is depicted as a yellow journalism at different times. One exampleRead MoreOrson Welles And Citizen Kane2180 Words   |  9 Pagesin half between his polar personalities. Charles Foster Kane has recently died and the predicament of interpreting his life and its meaning is left upon a single reporter. â€Å"†¦A group of prominent films critics were asked to list the greatest directors and the greatest films, Orson Welles and Citizen Kane both came in first (Carringer 32).† Orson Welles’ produces, co-wrote, directed, and starred in the great American classic film, Citizen Kane, at the age of 26. Throughout this entire film, the audienceRead MoreCitizen Kane Is A Quarry For Filmmakers1572 Words   |  7 Pages As esteemed film director William Friedkin once said; Citizen Kane is a quarry for filmmakers. It is undeniable that Citizen Kane is the epitome of the great American film. It was initially released in 1941 and was met with great criticism . However, since its release many years ago it is evident that the film ma de advancements in cinema techniques which were well ahead of its time . The foremost reason Citizen Kane is considered one of the great American films ever created is due to the innovativeRead MoreFilm Analysis Of Citizen Kane1143 Words   |  5 PagesCitizen Kane was rife with innovations in cinematic technique and introduced many new and unique aspects of mise-en-scà ¨nà © that would thrive in films to come. Orson Welles was a young visionary whose career had been limited to stage production and radio until his first film, Citizen Kane. Uniquely, as someone new to the film industry, he retained full creative control of his very first project, co-writing, producing, directing, and starring as Kane himself. This unfounded level of trust for a newcomer

Monday, May 18, 2020

Plasma Definition in Chemistry and Physics

Plasma is a state of matter where the gas phase is energized until atomic electrons are no longer associated with any particular atomic nucleus. Plasmas are made up of positively charged ions and unbound electrons. Plasma may be produced by either heating a gas until it is ionized or by subjecting it to a strong electromagnetic field. The term plasma comes from a Greek word that means jelly or moldable material. The word was introduced in the 1920s by chemist Irving Langmuir. Plasma is considered one of the four fundamental states of matter, along with solids, liquids, and gases. While the other three states of matter are commonly encountered in daily life, plasma is relatively rare. Examples of Plasma The plasma ball toy is a typical example of plasma and how it behaves. Plasma is also found in neon lights, plasma displays, arc welding torches, and Tesla coils. Natural examples of plasma include lightning the aurora, the ionosphere, St. Elmos fire, and electrical sparks. While not often seen on Earth, plasma is the most abundant form of matter in the universe (excluding perhaps dark matter). The stars, interior of the Sun, solar wind, and solar corona consist of fully ionized plasma. The interstellar medium and intergalactic medium also contain plasma. Properties of Plasma In a sense, plasma is like a gas in that it assumes the shape and volume of its container. However, plasma isnt as free as gas because its particles are electrically charged. Opposite charges attract each other, often causing plasma to maintain a general shape or flow. The charged particles also mean plasma may be shaped or contained by electrical and magnetic fields. Plasma is generally at a much lower pressure than a gas. Types of Plasma Plasma is the result of the ionization of atoms. Because its possible for either all or a portion of atoms to be ionized, there are different degrees of ionization. The level of ionization is mainly controlled by temperature, where increasing the temperature increases the degree of ionization. Matter in which only 1% of the particles are ionized can show characteristics of plasma, yet not be plasma. Plasma may be categorized as hot or completely ionized if nearly all the particles are ionized, or cold or incompletely ionized if a small fraction of molecules is ionized. Note the temperature of cold plasma may still be incredibly hot (thousands of degrees Celsius)! Another way to categorize plasma is as thermal or nonthermal. In thermal plasma, the electrons and heavier particles are in thermal equilibrium or at the same temperature. In nonthermal plasma, the electrons are at a much higher temperature than the ions and neutral particles (which may be at room temperature). Discovery of Plasma The first scientific description of plasma was made by Sir William Crookes in 1879, in reference to what he called radiant matter in a Crookes cathode ray tube. British physicist Sir J.J. Thomsons experiments with a cathode ray tube led him to propose an atomic model in which atoms consisted of positively (protons) and negatively charged subatomic particles. In 1928, Langmuir gave a name to the form of matter.

Monday, May 11, 2020

The Right Of The Fetus Life - 988 Words

Marqui’s famous article is against abourtion. His article is different and he tries to explain why killing and adult human is wrong ans see if the same reason works for abortion. The main argument is the idea that a fetus is considered a person at the moment of conceptrion. â€Å"since the fetus is considered a person than the has a futuree like ours. The fetus will have plenty of experiences and happinies just like any other being.†( page448) Unlike Marquis, Thomson s famous article defended abortion. Based on her premises, the fetus is a person from the moment of conception. Thomson main argument in the article the right of the fetus life is not absolutely right. Thus, she defended that abortion is morally acceptable in some cases by talking about â€Å"The violinist experiment†, The Burglar and The Case of the People-Seeds. â€Å"Every person has a right to life. So the fetus has a right to life. No dough the mother has a right to decide what shall happen in and to her body; everyone would grant that. But surely a person’s right to life is stronger and more stringent than the mother’s right to decide what happens in and to her body, and so outweighs it. So the fetus may not be killed; an abortion may not be performed.†(Thomson, page438) Thomson talks about true premises. Every person has a right to life and everyone has the right to control their body. A mother has the right to choose what wi ll happen to her body, but a life is more important. Therefore, the true premises have rightShow MoreRelatedA Defense of Abortion by Judith Jarvis Thomson1354 Words   |  5 Pagesstory as an analogy to explain that abortion is morally acceptable when contraception has failed. Thomson also mentions the right to life in her article. She uses the right to life to explain to us that it is morally justifiable for the mother to abort the fetus when the fetus is endangering the mother’s life. In order to help her readers understand the notion of right to life she is trying to propose to us, she does so by using the Henry Fonda example. In my point of view, I find most of Thomson’sRead MoreAbortion: Every Woman Has the Right to Choose Essay examples1222 Words   |  5 Pagesof the fetus, risks to the life of mother, rape and incest. It also considered as moral position, or a compromise between the pro-choice movement and pro-life movement. The moderate position accepts both of the pro-choice and pro-life. In Shannon and Kocklers essay says This position sees both the fetus and the woman as having rights and entitlements and recognizes that attempts to resolve such conflicts of rights will entail suffering and pain(82). This means the fetus has a right to life and theRead MoreThe Rights Of Pregnant Women982 Words   |  4 Pageswishes in order to save the life of her fetus because physicians felt she would not live long enough to give birth. This case presented one of the earliest controversies surrounding the maternal-fetal conflict and a pregnant women’s rights to informed consent, privacy and bodily integrity. Any situation where the pregnant woman’s well-being or wishes conflicts with fetal benefit creates a maternal–fetal conflict. Past and recent court decisions â€Å"aimed at protecting the fetus as separate from the womanRead MoreThe Ethics And Morals Of Abortion Essay1643 Words   |  7 Pagesby removing a fetus or an e mbryo out of the woman’s uterus. It is one of the most controversial problematic issues that is discussed throughout the decades. The topic of abortion was considered as a social issue that soon became a political and ethical subject. Abortion have become a heated public distribute on whether its method are morally permissible or not? Individuals have voiced the benefits and disadvantages of abortion. The extremists of â€Å"preserving life† also known as pro-life position believesRead MoreA Defense Of Abortion By Judith Thomson1678 Words   |  7 Pagesprecedence; an unborn fetus’ life or its mother’s right to her body? Anti-abortionist argue that the life of an unborn fetus has priority, and thus abortion is morally impermissible as it violates the fetus’ right to life. In her article â€Å"A Defense of Abortion†, Judith Thomson argues that abortion is morally permissible under the certain conditions where the rights of the fetus fail to surpass a mother’s right of choice. For the sake of her argument, Thomson allows the assumption that a fetus is a person,Read MoreIs Abortion A Fetus?945 Words   |  4 Pagesprochoice. Prolife are those who believe that a fetus should not be aborted. While prochoice are those who feel that it is the mother’s right to choose to birth the fetus or not. No one ever really stops to think what would the fetus want. Some people would not even consider this a viable option. This is because there are some who believe a fetus, unborn child, should not have rights. Then there are those who believe that a fetus should and does have rights. While both sides may have strong feelings towardsRead MoreA Defense Of Abortion By Judith Jarvis Thomson951 Words   |  4 PagesIn Judith Jarvis Thomson’s A Defense of Abortion, Thomson explores the relationship between the rights of a fetus and the rights of a human, in this case the mother. Thomson is an American moral philosopher and meta-physician. She is known for her defense of moral objectivity, her account of moral rights, her views about the incompleteness of the term good, and her use of thought experiments to make philosophical points. In the article, Thomson defends abortions in several certain circumstancesRead MoreShould Abortion Be Permissible?1238 Words   |  5 Pagesnot tolerable. Some considered that ending the life of a human fetus is very bad and should not be permissible at all. Republican Party alleged that abortion is like committing murder as it is killing a human fetus. The Democratic Party felt that the mother have the right to make a choice of keeping or aborting the fetus, and it is not assassination until the baby is brought to life. The Republicans, who consider it as murdering, say that the human fetus inside of the womb is a human being alive, aRead MoreThe Violence Of Pro Life Essay1377 Words   |  6 PagesThe extremists of pro-life are exceedingly adamant on persuading w omen to not abort the fetuses. These extremists invade women’s privacies and undermined women’s freedoms on decisions making. The pro-life advocates are simply third parties who claims that they are trying to save lives; however, their earnest intentions cannot outweigh the consequences that sometimes comes with keeping the fetus. For example, a sixteen year old female became impregnated by her seventeenth year old boyfriend. Her family’sRead MoreShould Abortion Be Legal For Women?1350 Words   |  6 Pagesdebate whether or not women should have the right to have an abortion. Judith Jarvis Thomson’s famous article â€Å"A Defense of Abortion† defends a women’s right to have an abortion. However, I disagree with Thomson’s defense against abortions, and believe that abortions are highly immoral and should be illegal. Many whom are pro-choice argue that a fetus is not a person until birth. However, Thomson’s article is unique in that she openly grants that a fetus is a person from the point of conception.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Aeneas Fights With Turnus Essay - 1359 Words

Aeneas Fights With Turnus In the Aeneid, Virgil describes many human qualities, problems and characteristics. Some examples which I wish to illustrate can be found in the end of epic, in the scene of the final duel between Aeneas and Turnus. Virgil also introduces a novel idea in his work. Both sides, the Trojans and the Latins, are portrayed as noble people. Even though Aeneas is fated to win, and he is the hero of the work, the opposing force, Turnus, is not portrayed as evil, but rather like a noble person in a very hard situation. Virgil deals as much with physical and psychological problems Turnus faces, being an honest and noble man, as he does with Aeneas’s problems. By the time the battle begins, Turnus knows that he will†¦show more content†¦She tried to deter Aeneas from his course to Italy while she perfectly knew that the â€Å"decision† of the Fates was otherwise. Virgil makes it clear that humans and gods alike have the same irrational and purely emotional desire to achieve that which they know cannot be achieved. This desire is present in many episodes in the book. I think that Virgil is trying to tell his readers that this desire is a very fundamental part of people. The drive to achieve the impossible is what always drove science and human advancement. Virgil is making a comment on a very integral part of the human psyche. Both Turnus and Aeneas, Venus and Juno have this characteristic. Virgil assigns the same feeling and emotions to the heroes of both sides of the story. During the duel of Aeneas and Turnus, Virgil takes another opportunity to describe the desire to oppose fate. Turnus calls out to Aeneas : â€Å"Your burning words, ferocious Trojan, do not frighten me; it is the gods alone who terrify me, and Jupiter, my enemy† (Book XII, 1189). The challenge Turnus saw coming to him was not from Aeneas, but from the gods themselves. Still, by the next line, Turnus can be observed trying to hurl a stone at Aeneas to continue the luckless fight. How eager Turnus seems to prove his honor, and die for his belief. If Turnus knew that Jupiter was against him, he did not have any doubt as to his own defeat. His death is near, and he is not afraid. A few paragraphs later however,Show MoreRelatedThe Textual Relationship Between Virgil And Lucretius1730 Words   |  7 PagesA lot of research has been done showing the textual relationship between Virgil and Lucretius. Many have noticed the unique use of gliscit by Virgil in 12.9 to describe Turnusâ €™ reaction to seeing the Latins retreat and have subsequently connected it to Lucretius, specifically passage 1.474: â€Å"ignis Alexandri Phrygio sub pectore gliscens clara accendisset saevi certamina belli†. Although Virgil could have had this passage in mind, there is another use in Lucretius which can bring new context andRead MoreEpic Heroism And Values Of The Iliad1030 Words   |  5 Pagesthe image of Aeneas killing Turnus classify them as epic heroes. In the Greek epic poem the Iliad, Homer portrays Achilles as an enraged warrior fighting for revenge for a woman he loved. In the Roman epic poem the Aeneid, Virgil portrays Aeneas as fleeing the city of Troy to establish a new city. Achilles and Aeneas are epic heroes because they both show courage, boldness, and embody the ideals of their nation. Homer portrays Achilles as individualistic, while Virgil portrays Aeneas as valuingRead MoreAeneas as a Roman Hero in The Aeneid Essay637 Words   |  3 PagesAene as as a Roman Hero in The Aeneid In Virgil’s poem, The Aeneid, the ideal Roman hero is depicted in the form of Aeneas. Not only does Aeneas represent the Roman hero, but he also represents what every Roman citizen is called to be. Each Roman citizen must posses two major virtues, he must remain pious, and he must remain loyal to the Roman race. In the poem, Aeneas encompasses both of these virtues, and must deal with both the rewards and costs of them. In the poem, Virgil saysRead MoreSimilarities Between The Aeneid And The Iliad1029 Words   |  5 Pagesreaders follow the journey of a man named Aeneas who is a Trojan refugee who journeys from his homeland of Troy to find Rome for the generations of the future. â€Å"The Iliad† is a story of the Trojan War and the hero of the story Achilles. Achilles was one of the bravest soldiers of the Greek army, but he was just as vain as he was brave. Both heroes showed a great amount of heroic actions throughout their perspective epics. Aeneas kills the Latin warrior Turnus and ventures away from his burning TroyRead MoreThe Aeneid By Virgil Is An Epic War Poetry1472 Words   |  6 Pagesessay will focus on the divine interventions to illustrate the irreplaceable role of the gods that has helped shape the Virgil s Aeneid. Without the gods, this epic poem would be nothing since the gods determine the fate of mortals including that of Aeneas, the son of the goddess Venus who in verse draws much attention from the gods. Jupiter father of the gods is the most powerful of the gods and has supreme control (The Internet Classics Archive | The Aeneid by Virgil, 2017). The rest of the godsRead MoreThe Aeneid, By Publius Vergilius Maro1449 Words   |  6 Pagesthe people of Rome whose culture would forever start with the tale of Aeneas. A brief description of Virgil’s epic would start with Aeneas and some of the surviving Trojans escaped from Troy. They cruised the Mediterranean and planned to land in what is now Italy. This is where Aeneas would found the eternal city: Rome. A horrible storm set them off track and they wound up in Carthage. Dido, the ruler, invited them to stay. Aeneas tells Dido the Trojan story up to this point. He tells her how the TrojansRead MoreFate and Destiny in the Aeneid2634 Words   |  11 Pagesit, such as Aeneas, a man who carries, perhaps the largest mantle of destiny on his shoulders. However, even though Aeneas accepts his fate, this does not free him from tribulation, as others, both human and immortal, attempt to resist fate, and alter its course according to their will. Juno, queen of the gods and the main antagonist in Virgil’s foundational fiction, is not affected by the same fate that rules over humans. Nevertheless, she actively attempts to obstruct Aeneas in his journeyRead MoreTying Homers Iliad to Virgils Aeneid Through the Theme of Warfare1487 Words   |  6 Pageseven in the poem. It removes the Greeks greatest hero from the battlefield for most of the poem. An interesting situation arises because of this. Achilles, the great hero, is refusing to fight. Glory on the battlefield is the measuring stick for any Greek man of high birth, and Achilles refusing to fight would be considered to be an act of shameful cowardice. However, there would be damage to Achilles pride if he fought for Agamemnon. This conflict between pride and duty would be a difficultRead MoreThe Textual Relationship Between Virgil And Lucretius2063 Words   |  9 Pages A number of research has shown the textual relationship between Virgil and Lucretius. Many have noticed the unique use of gliscit by Virgil in 12.9 to describe Turnus’ reaction to seeing the Latins retreat and have subsequently connected it to Lucretius, specifically passage 1.474: â€Å"ignis Alexandri Phrygio sub pectore gliscens clara accendisset saevi certamina belli†. Although Virgil could have had this passage in mind, there is another use in Lucretius which can bring new context and understandingRead MoreAnalysis Of Virgil s The Aeneid1791 Words   |  8 Pagespeople that we experience. In the event that one takes the hero Aeneas aside and breaks down his tireless adherence to his own fate, alongside his unending sympathy toward the welfare of his Trojan individuals, one could captivate the thought that his devotion and obligation anticipate the idea of obligation to the Republic and submission to Caesar that may have won in Virgil s Roman culture. Compelled by a sense of honor Aeneas, as Virgil regularly portrays him (The Aeneid, p. 110, l. 545)

Number one Analyze Free Essays

Meaning: to identify and examine the basic elements or parts of (something) especially for discovering interrelationships Asses: : to determine the importance, size, or value of Compare: to describe as similar Describe : to give a representation or account of in words Discuss: to talk about (an issue) usually from various points of view and for the purpose of arriving at a decision or opinion Illustrate: to show or make clear by using examples Pizza hut has been around for many years. Today, it is considered one of the biggest fast food restaurants around the world. Pizza hut exists in many countries, and although its menu is the same around the world, it learned to adapt to every country culture and heritage by providing services and products that are advertised and sold according to the country itself. We will write a custom essay sample on Number one Analyze or any similar topic only for you Order Now Pizza Hut started with only pizzas. And nowadays his menu has expanded and includes everything from pastas, appetizers, kids menus, salads, and of course the pizzas. It took a long time to expand the menu, but with the right advertising, pizza Hut did not have any problem. Until now, pizza Hut still works hard on advertising. Everybody knows pizza Hut through commercials, billboards, flyers, and of course the internet. There is a new deal, new promotion every so often. Having the right product and a good advertising team is not enough. A good restaurant should always worry about its services and always pay attention to the customer needs. A SWOT analysis shows the strength, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats Pizza Hut is going through in Lebanon. After taken over the market with ts pizza menu, Pizza Hut introduced a wider variety menu which includes pastas, and salads. The customers can now visit Pizza Hut even if they do not feel like having a pizza. It also introduced a PHD (pizza hut delivery) service, which is available in almost every town but it does not have many dine in locations comparing to other fast food restaurants such as McDonalds and Burger king. One of Pizza Hut regular customers, my friend Edward, spends most of his time eating pizza, and praises about Pizza Hut services and products. How to cite Number one Analyze, Papers

Outline Difference between a syllabus and a curriculum Essay Example For Students

Outline Difference between a syllabus and a curriculum Essay Outline Difference between a syllabus and a curriculum. An account of the salient factors we have to consider for constructing a syllabus. 1. Introduction. 2. Syllabus and curriculum A. Definition of syllabus B. Definition of curriculum C. Difference between syllabus and curriculum a. Basic difference b. Differences in detail approaches 3. Factors to construct a syllabus A. Type A: What is to be learn B. Type B. How is to be learn C. Van EKs necessary component D. Selection of the content E. Organization of the content F. Components to design a syllabus a. Set A b. Set B c. Set C d. Set D G. McDonough about syllabus design H. Criteria for selection and grading a. Structural b. Topic c. Functional 4. The need for a syllabus A. Should a syllabus be explicit, and if so, to whom? B. Basic organizing principles 5. Creating and reinterpreting a syllabus 6. Conclusion Introduction: Throughout the 1970s while language teaching theorists and practititioners excited themselves with course design for Specific Purpose language teaching, and while needs of adult migrants and private sectors or industrial language learners were extensively examined, the majority of learners of English continued to struggle with large classes, limited text books, few contact hours, and years of unintensive study. The work of many teachers had either been ignored by syllabus or curriculum designers, or had been interfered with by insensitive and too rapid application of ideas from ESP theory or Council of Europe discussion by administrations who did not fully realize the implications of the innovations so proudly presented. As a result, several national educational systems have gone communicative or gone functional-notional, and then retreated after a brief trial period whatever they had before. It seemed worthwhile, therefore, to convene a symposium at TESOL Convention in Toronto in 1983 specifically to examine the role of syllabuses in normal state education. And it is also seemed worthwhile not to rush too quickly into arguments about the detailed design of syllabuses, but to clear the ground first on the definition, function and purpose of the syllabuses, for many of the difficulties in discussion of for example Wilkins influential Notional Syllabuses 1976 result from the enormously varying interpretations of the term syllabus. Since a language is highly complex and pervasive, all of it which can hardly be determined cannot be taught at a time. Moreover al the phenomena related to the language might not be relevant or necessary to be taught to the learner/group of learners. Therefore, successful teaching of the language evidently requires a selection and then an arrangement of the teaching items/materials depending on the prior definition of the objectives, proficiency level to be developed in the learner, duration of the program, and the like, on the one hand, and on the other, upon the consideration of the learners needs, lacks, aptitudes, motivation, age, personality memory transfer of training, cognitive style, and so forth. The selection and the sequencing absolutely take place in the syllabus planning stage. With the advent of much complicate theories of language and language learning, as well as recognition of the diversity of the learners needs, wants, and aspirations, the concept of syllabus for SL/FL teaching has taken on new importance. It has also become highly elaborated, and has been examined at length, particularly in the context of ESP programs, and generally ELT planning. Thus the syllabus is now viewed as an instrument by which the teacher, with the help of the syllabus designer, can achieve a degree of fit between the needs and aims of the learner as social being and as individual and the activities, which will occur in the classroom. A syllabus is required to produce efficiency of two kinds-pragmatic and pedagogical. The former is concerned with the economy of time and money. It needs the setting of instructions to be planned, and that not all learners are to be given the same treatment. So syllabuses differ according to the practical factors present in given situation. The latter kind of efficiency is related to the economy in the management of the learning process. Instruction provided in an institutional setting is assumed to be a more efficient method of dealing with learning than allowing the learner to proceed in a non-structured environment. It is then clear that the syllabus of any kind is viewed as providing a better control of the learning process, generally by the institution and/or the teacher, but in some instance control can be and should be exercised also by the learner himself/herself. The degree and the type of control that the syllabus exercises depend on the institution-as-society. That is, in a highly democratic institution, the syllabus has to be determined and constructed by consensus. Definition of syllabus: This term covers the teaching learning items, materials, equipments and the evaluation tools. A finished syllabus is an overall plan the learning process. It must specify what components, or learning items, must be available, or learned by a certain time; what is the most efficient sequence in which the are learned; what items can be learned simultaneously; what items are available from the stock, and the whole process is determined by consideration of how long it takes to produce or learn a component or item. The process is under continual scrutiny by means of stock checks, or tests and examinations. If we point out the main ideas of syllabus it comes as follows: 1. A syllabus is a specification of work of a particular department in a school or college, and it might be broken down into subsections, which will define the work of a particular group or class. 2. In practice, it is often linked to time semesters, terms, weeks, or courses, which are tied to these. But this link is not essential, and may be counter productive in that the time is teacher based rather than learner based. But a syllabus must specify a starting point, which should be related to a realistic assessment of the level of beginning students, and ultimate goals, which may or may not be realized by the end of the course, depending on the abilities of the learners and their progress in a particular course. 3. It will specify some kind of sequence based on- a. Sequencing intrinsic to a theory of language learning or to the structure of specified material relatable to language acquisition; b. Sequencing constrained by administrative needs, materials. 4. A syllabus is a document of administrative convenience and will only be partly justified on theoretical grounds. Hence it will be negotiable and adjustable, enshrining the most useful experience of the past in order to ease the workload of the present. 5. A syllabus can only specify what is taught; it cannot organize what is learnt. It can, methodologically, allow for opportunities for acquisition and/or learning, but such opportunities cannot spelt out in detail as they will reflect the personalities of learners and continuing relationships established as the class progresses. 6. Not to have a syllabus is to refuse to allow ones assumptions to be scrutinized or to enable different teachers to relate their work to each others. It is consequently an essential feature of work in a democratic profession or as part of democratic education. Definition of curriculum: It is considered to be a broader term used in a institution to cover politics, plans, teaching, learning items, materials, equipments, logistics everything. The first view of curriculum shows a concern with objectives and content, which are two of four elements in the traditional model of the curriculum. The second view of adds methods to the model. The methods are the means by which the ends-the objectives-are to be achieved and this forms the basis of a process view of a curriculum. The third perspective adds a fourth and final element evaluation. This brings to us the situational model of curriculum. Evaluation, as feedback, will also form a component of the construction systems model, since quality control will be an important element of any production system. It is through monitoring and feedback that planned and actual outcomes can be compared and appropriate remedial action taken to repair failures or deficits. Enterprise Architecture Essay ThesisFriendly, polite, sympathetic, humorous, democratic etc. Typical Components: Set B 1. Content: a. Specification of content; b. Grammar, vocabulary and others. 2. Time Terms/ semesters/courses/years 3. Sequence of teaching items Which to be taught, which second/next. Typical Components: Set C 1. Methodology: Which method to apply-Direct method or Audioligual method or Communicative Language Teaching Approach or eclectic method. 2. Aids and equipment: Chalk board, market board, OHP, VCR, TV, computer, cassette player and the like. 3. Books and material. Typical components: Set D 1. Examination 2. Other Educational levels The relation between preceding and following courses. 3. Relation to teacher training: Short or long-term training. According to McDonough the syllabus designers seem to have a relatively homogenous idea of the order of difficulty of various grammatical devices of simple English. Some kind of empirical validation of this, or empirical challenge is required, because despite gradual replacement of structural criteria by communicational criteria of sequencing in recent textbooks, the presentation of grammatical construction is still ordered according to intuitive ideas of relative difficulty. An early attempt to work out the implications of such findings of organizing language syllabuses was made by Valdman 1974, who discussed whether the process of pidginization could be used as a basis for grading teaching materials. But there is a problem that a little language would contain stigmatized forms, which could become fossilized. To avoid this Valdman proposed the Focus Approach which Pieneman summarizes as follows: 1. The learners are allowed to use reduced and deviant forms in communicative activities. However, these forms will not be brought in focus in the syllabus. 3. The learners are exposed to a fully formed input filtered only by the application of pedagogical norms. 4. The syllabus will be graded according to what is easy to acquire. Halliday, McIntosh and Strevens have noted a surprising lack of published guidance on syllabus grading, a number of criteria have been proposed and have become accepted through use and these are listed below according to focus: structural, topic and functional. Structural: Frequency, coverage ability, simplicity/complexity, learnability/ teachablity, combinability, contrast, productiveness, generalizability, natural order of acquisition. Topic: Interest and activity, need, pedagogic merit, relevance, depth of treatment, practicality, utility. Functional: Need: immediate and long-term, utility, coverage and generalizability, interest, complexity of form. Alternatives Priorities in Design: The predesigned content syllabus captures the designers selection form, and organization of the target language and its use in certain situation. The designer draws the map beginning at the destination. The result being that the whole of the rest of the map- the route through the new language and performance- is most often shaped and constrained by its own objectives and predetermined outcomes. An alternative orientation would prioritize the route itself: a focus upon the means towards the learning of new language. Here the designer would give priority to the changing process of learning and the potential of the classroom-to the psychological and social resources applied to a new language by learners in the classroom context. One result of this change of focus would be that the syllabus would be the plan for gradual creation of the real syllabus of the classroom, jointly and explicitly undertaken by teachers and learners. Such a plan would be about designing a syllabus, and therefore, a guide for the map-making capacities of its users. The need for syllabus design: Since language is highly complex and cannot be taught all the time, successful teaching requires that there should be a selection of materials depending on the prior definition of the objectives, proficiency level, and duration of the course. This syllabus takes place in syllabus planning stage. It is the appropriate strategy of presentation. It is the natural growth hypothesis, then, which appears to constitute the most serious challenge to traditional concepts of syllabus planning, and for this reason, it is worthwhile to exploring it in a little more detail. In assessing the role of the non-analytic growth model it is convenient to consider it first in the context of informal task-related programme where there is a serious commitment to the achievement of fluency in a rich target language environment. The principle of organizing a general syllabus can be structural, functional, experiential, or some combination of the three. We need this form to make the students able to communicate properly with the subject they are assigned to. The control over the text material should be exercised in a more subtle and flexible way than can normally be achieved by means of a traditional structural syllabus. Creating and reinterpreting syllabus: Although, we may follow a predesigned syllabus, every teacher inevitably interprets and reconstructs that syllabus so that it becomes possible to implement it in the classroom. Similarly learners create individual learning syllabuses from their own particular starting points and their own perceptions of the language, learning and the classroom. We may regard learners either as people who are trying to redraw the predesigned plan, or we may see learners as uncovering the route for the first time in a sense, discovering the new language as if it had never been explored. The classroom is therefore, the meeting place or point of interaction between the predisgned syllabus and individual learners syllabuses. This interaction will generate the real syllabus- or the syllabus in action-which is jointly constructed by the teachers and learners together. In the lesson-to-lesson reality of language teaching, we are continually concerned with three syllabuses: the teachers version of the predesigned plan, the individual learner syllabuses, and the unfolding syllabus of the classroom- this last being the synthesis of the other two. One important implication of this for syllabus design is that a good predesigned syllabus is one, which is positively amenable to the alternative interpretation and open to reconstruction through interactive in the classroom. Conclusion: More recent research into SLA has indicated a natural acquisition order, thus giving rise to the possibility of developing structural selection and grading principles in tune with this natural order. Pieneman has suggested modifying grading to bring the two in line, though without requiring learners to produce correct forms before they are ready to do so. To construct a syllabus the designer has to have adequate experience of the social, psychological and educational factors directly or indirectly related to the teaching program. Here is no scope for adopting any arbitrary or notional matter. As the rationale behind designing of the syllabus transforms into component part, the syllabus designer becomes bound to follow the established criteria for selecting and ordering the content, choosing the methods, prescribing the material and equipment, recommending the teachers qualifications and determining the assessment system. When it is done the syllabus might be approximate or result in the expected or required success. While, non-deviate input will be provided, focus on current forms in learner output will be planned to coincide with the learners stage of readiness to produce such forms. As yet, however, the kind of detailed evidence on which to base such a progression is lacking, although the accumulation of research may result in the evolution of new criteria for organizing language input to learners to avoid some of the learning problems, which appear to have arisen from syllabuses planned according to traditional criteria for structural sequencing. Anyway, a proper designed syllabus, followed by the accurate process, is the right path for the learners.